Iguazu Falls National Park
Iguazu National Park: The Argentinean Side of the Falls
Iguazu National Park, in Spanish Parque Nacional Iguazu, is located near Puerto Iguazú, Province of Misiones, in Argentina. It has an extension of 67,720 hectares (167.34 acres) within the Paranaense Forest ecoregion, and it’s one of the most incredible places you can visit in South America.
The Iguazú River, which means “big water” in Guaraní language, flows into the Paraná River. It is 1,500 meters wide (0.9 miles), and runs through islands and islets to finally fall from a lava cliff formed 120 million of years ago.
Gregorio Lezama was the first owner of this land and, considering them of barely no value, sold them at a public auction using a sign that read “rainforest area surrounded by many waterfalls”.
The following owner, Domingo Ayarragaray, developed it a bit further by building a hotel and roads so that visitors could see the waterfalls, and he also exploited local wood resources until President Hipólito Yrigoyen’s Government acquired the land.
After becoming a national heritage, on October 09, 1934, Iguazu Falls was declared National Park by UNESCO.
Iguazu Falls receive millions of travellers each year, visiting Iguazu in more than 2, 3 or 4 days, enjoying a beautiful natural enviroment. There some people (usually cruise passengers of people that come to Rio de Janeiro or Buenos Aire for working) that visit Iguazu in a one day tour, returning back to the city they are in the same day.
Parque Nacional Do Iguaçu: The Braziliean Side of the Falls
Parque Nacional do Iguaçu or Iguaçu National Park is located in Paraná, a state located in the south area of Brazil. It´s a national park with a total area of 185,262.5 hectares and a length of about 420 kilometres. Around 300 kilometres are natural borders by rivers and falls. The Brazilian and Argentinean sides comprise a total of 225 hectares of protected areas.
Iguaçu National Park was created in 1939 and was declared by Unesco, as a World Heritage Side in 1986.
The park shares with the Parque Nacional Iguazu, or Iguazu National Park in Argentina, one of the world’s largest and most incredible waterfalls in the world, with more than 270 falls. The area is home to many rare and endangered species of flora and fauna. The incredible clouds of spray produced by the number of waterfalls are conducive to the growth of lush vegetation.
Enjoy Parque Nacional do Iguaçu, the brazilian side of the falls.